Psychologists view intelligence through different prisms. Today, we are looking at what types of intelligence psychologists consider and what the newest addition to the list is.
1)Intelligence Quotient (IQ)
2) Emotional Quotient (EQ)
3) Social Quotient (SQ)
4) Adversity Quotient (AQ)
1. Intelligence Quotient (IQ): this is the measure of a person's reasoning ability. It is to gauge how well one can use information & logic to answer questions or make predictions & gauge short-term and long-term memory. One needs IQ to solve puzzles, maths, and memorize or recall information.
2. Emotional Quotient (EQ): this is the measure of your ability to maintain peace with others, empathize with others, communicate effectively & manage your emotions.
3. Social Quotient (SQ): this is the measure of your ability to build relationships, create a network of friends and maintain it over a long period.
Daniel Goleman, author, psychologist and journalist for the New York Times, stated that “as much as 80% of adult success comes from EQ”. His research shows that people who have higher emotional and social intelligence tend to go further in life than those with a high IQ but low EQ or SQ.
According to Goleman, incidences of bullying, peer pressure, behavioural problems, violence and substance abuse are reduced in schools that focus on developing their students' EQ and SQ. This in turn leads to improved academic performance and behaviour.
Now there is a 4th one, a new paradigm:
4. The Adversity Quotient (AQ): is a measure of a person's ability to manage difficulties and transform obstacles into opportunities. A person who has a high adversity quotient will also have high performance.
When faced with troubles, AQ determines who will give up, who will abandon their family, and who will consider suicide.
So the latest research suggests that one should get exposed to other areas of life
than just Academics. Given below are a few things to practice daily to Develop IQ,as well as EQ, SQ and AQ to have a sustainable happy life.
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